Sleep disorders are a very common problem that has a solution. Sleep deprivation interferes with work, driving, and social activities of any person.

It is important to keep in mind how important sleep is and what happens when you don’t get enough. Scientists say that sleep is necessary to survive. There are more than 70 types of sleep disorders. Many of these can be successfully controlled once diagnosed.

Sleep deprivation has harmful effects on the immune system. Also, sleep is needed for proper functioning of the nervous system. When sleeping, the body is inactive but the brain remains very active. Only recently, researchers have begun to understand how sleep affects daily functions and physical and mental health.

For each individual, the amount of hours of sleep depend on many factors, specially age. Babies usually need about 16 hours a day, while teens need about 9 hours a day. For most adults, 7 or 8 hours seems to be the best amount of sleep, although some people may only need 5 hours a day and others up to 10 hours a day.

The follows are the most common types of sleep disorders:

  • Insomnia
  • Sleep apnea (snoring)
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
  • Narcolepsy

When we do not get enough sleep, we feel drowsy and unable to concentrate. This can cause memory problems, clumsiness and difficulty in performing mathematical calculations. If we continue to deprive ourselves of sleep, we could begin to experience hallucinations and mood swings.

When we do not get enough sleep, we feel drowsy and unable to concentrate. This can cause memory problems, clumsiness and difficulty in performing mathematical calculations. If we continue to deprive ourselves of sleep, we could begin to experience hallucinations and mood swings.

  • ¿Have you noticed that snoring or your partner has told you that you snore a lot?
  • ¿Have you noticed or your partner told you to stop breathing during sleep?
  • ¿Have you or your partner awakened to the feeling that you can´t breathe, like drowning?
  • ¿Do you wake up in the morning with the feeling of not having slept well, not feeling rested?
  • ¿Do you sometimes feel sleepy during the day?
  • ¿Have you noticed that your energy levels, concentration and memory have decreased during the day?
  • ¿Are you hypertensive?
  • ¿Have you had a heart attack or stroke?



The SLEEP clinic has been founded by a group of medical specialists who aim to identify the problems that cause sleep diseases and give a PROMPT solution, clinical or surgical, so patients can enjoy a normal life.

Polysomnography (PSG)

The Sleep Clinic was created to care for patients suffering from sleep disorders. Studies that are performed as a diagnostic tool for one of these disorders can be carried out in the facilities of the Sleep Clinic. The study is called polysomnography and this includes three basic studies:

- Electroencephalogram (EEG)
- Electro-oculogram (EOG)
- Electromyogram (EMG)

Other parameters analyzed are: electrocardiography, pulse oximetry, respiratory effort, transcutaneous CO2, recording sounds to evaluate snoring, limb EMG and continuous video monitoring.

Patients, who call for this study, go to the Neurovida facilities, where patients spend the night in a technically equipped room. A trained technologist will place sensors on the scalp, nose, heart, arms and legs which will transmit information that will be recorded on computers located in the next room where the patient's activity is monitored.

Neurovida has two rooms that allow to make three simultaneous studies besides two ambulatory equipment.

Ambulatory Polysomnogram

Ambulatory Polysomnography is a study done under the same premise as Polysomnography, with a big difference that happens in the comfort of the patient's home. The patient has to visit the Sleep Clinic where the technologist on call, will connect electrodes to a portable system so that the patient can sleep at home.

Portable ambulatory cardiorespiratory polygraphy systems are also used, which have shown good correlation with nocturnal polysomnography for the discovery of apneas.

Home evaluation devices vary in sophistication. In general, these devices are useful when the discoveries are clearly positive, but when the results are negative do not rule out a respiratory sleep disorder.

Multiple Sleep Latency Test

The Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) is used to obtain information about the patient's level of sleepiness during the day.

MSLT is the most widely used test as an objective average of drowsiness and, in general, should be performed in circumstances where excessive daytime sleepiness or narcolepsy is suspected.

The test should preferably be performed after a controlled sleep night at the Sleep Clinic to verify that the previous sleep nights are normal. The next morning, the patient is placed in a quiet and comfortable room and is invited to lie down, close his eyes and try to sleep. The light is then switched off and the test begins, it can last up to 20 minutes. This process is repeated 4 or 5 times throughout the day, with 2 hours interval between each test.

En un Test de Latencias Múltiples de Sueño se valoran principalmente la latencia media de adormecimiento (el tiempo que transcurre desde que se apaga la luz hasta que se queda dormido) y si la entrada en sueño es o no en fase REM. Todos estos datos nos permitirán conocer si el nivel de somnolencia es normal o si existe una somnolencia anormal o excesiva (en general se admite que una latencia media de adormecimiento inferior a 7 min. es sinónimo de somnolencia diurna excesiva) o si es probable que se trate de una narcolepsia (donde se suele observar una latencia de sueño media menor de 5 min. y 2 o más entradas o inicios de sueño en fase REM).

In a Multiple Sleep Latency Test, the average sleep latency (the time that elapses since the light goes out until the patient falls asleep) is evaluated whether the sleep entry is or isn’t on REM sleep. All of these data will allow us to know if the level of drowsiness is normal or if there´s abnormal or excessive drowsiness (it is generally assumed that an average sleep of less than 7 minutes is synonymous with excessive daytime sleepiness) or if it is probable that it is a narcolepsy case (where the average sleep latency is less than 5 minutes and 2 or more REM sleep entries or starts).

Torre Médica III San Gabriel 0e8-86 y Nicolás Arteta.
Consulting room No.203. 2nd floor.
Quito, Ecuador
Contacts: +(593-2) 3220190 / +(593-2) 3220210 / +(593-2) 3220230 / +(593-2) 3220250

Metropolitano Hospital Contact: +(593-2) 399 8000 ext. 3312

This is a service associated with the Metropolitano Hospital, being an external and private entity.